Iceland's Export Control System
Iceland is a member of, or participant in, several export control related organisations, conventions and regimes, including Australia Group, NSG, MTCR, Chemical Weapons Convention, HCOC and PSI.
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs is responsible for export control in Iceland. It prepares legislation and issues implementing regulations. The Ministry issues export licenses. The technical, risk and political assessment is done by the Ministry.
The enforcement of export control legislation is done the police and customs authorities, in co-operation with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. The Ministry and police authorities control exports before they take place, customs authorities screen customs declarations, police investigate breaches of export legislation. Prosecutors prosecute cases before the regular courts.
Export control in Iceland is based on the Act on the Control of Services and Items that may have Strategic Significance No 58/2010, the International Sanctions Implementation Act No. 93/2008 and implementing regulations.
Iceland's present control lists include military and dual-use items, as well as items contained in United Nations Security Council documents S/2006/814 (INFCIRC/254/Rev.8/Part1 and INFCIRC/254/Rev.7/Part2) and S/2006/815, dated 13 October 2006 and S/2006/853, dated 7 November 2006.
Controlled items manufactured in Iceland
Iceland does not have extensive production of items that come under export control. The main industrial manufacturing in Iceland is aluminium. There is also manufacture of ferrosilicon and the manufacture of carbon fibre is under preparation.
Support for international efforts in the area of non-proliferation
Iceland supports international efforts in the area of non-proliferation through international co-operation and implementation of all international obligations in this area. In addition to its membership in the organisations mentioned above, Iceland is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) and supports the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI). Iceland implements all UNSC resolutions on non-proliferation. It sponsors and supports non-proliferation initiatives at the UN, IAEA, CTBTO and other international fora. Iceland alligns itself with EU positions on non-proliferation on the basis of Agreement on the European Economic Area. It adheres to the EU Code of Conduct on Arms Exports.
Selected WMD agreements to which Iceland is a party
- Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1996)
- Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (1993), entered into force 29.04.1997
- Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological Biological and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (1972), entered into force 26.03.1975
- Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof (1971), entered into force 30.05.1972
- Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1968), entered into force 05.03.1970
- Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (1963), entered into force 29.04.1964
Nuclear/IAEA related agreements to which Iceland is a party
- Additional protocol to the safeguards agreement (2003), entered into force 12.9.2003
- Joint convention on the safety of spent nuclear fuel management (1997), entered into force 27.4.2006
- Convention on nuclear safety (1994), entered into force 2.9.2008
- Convention on early notification of a nuclear accident (1986), entered into force 28.10.1989
- Convention on assistance in the case of a nuclear accident of radiological emergency (1986), entered into force 26.2.2006
- Convention on the physical protection of nuclear material (1980), entered into force 18.7.2002
- Safeguards Agreement in connection with the NPT (1972), entered into force 16.10.1974
- Protocol to the Safeguards Agreement in connection with the NPT (1972), entered into force 6.10.1974
- Statute of the IAEA (1956), entered into force 6.8.1957
Laws and regulations
International Sanctions Implementation Act No. 93/2008:
- English translation
Bill of Law on the Control of Items and Services of Strategic Significance, submitted to the 137th legislative assembly of althingi 2009:
- English translation
Regulation No 70/1993 on Export Licensing (including military and dual-use lists):
Regulation on International Security Measures regarding Weapons of Mass destruction No. 123/2009:
Regulation No. 325/2009 amending above regulation, implementing nuclear, ballistic and chemical/biological control lists for all countries:
Control list referred to in Regulation No. 123/2009: UNSC document S/2006/814, dated 13 October 2006 (INFCIRC/254/Rev.8/Part1 and INFCIRC/254/Rev.7/Part2):
Control list referred to in Regulation No. 123/2009: UNSC document S/2006/815, dated 13 October 2006 (ballistic missile programmes):
Control list referred to in Regulation No. 123/2009: UNSC document S/2006/853, dated 7 November 2006 (chemical and biological items):