Other Working Areas of the ICRU
Icelandic civilian experts have in the past few years been sent to conflict areas in Africa, i.e. Darfur in Sudan and Liberia. During 2009–2010 Icelandic police officers took part in the UN's Department of Peace keeping Operations (DPKO) police operation in Liberia. The aim of the operation was to develop and support local police forces. Experts have also been sent to work with UNIFEM (now UN Women) and in Liberia and UNICEF in Sudan.
The hostilities in the Balkans in the nineties were a catalyst in Icelandic participation in peacekeeping. Initially, the participants were medical professionals serving in Norwegian and British field hospitals. Later, police officers took part in UNMIK police operations in Kosovo and EUPM in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The ICRU has enjoyed a long and fruitful cooperation with UNIFEM (now UN WOMEN) and in 2010 gender experts were working with the organization in Sarajevo and in Belgrade.
In past years, The Icelandic authorities have provided a number of participants to both short-term and long-term election observation missions from international organizations, particularly for the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). The observation missions are intended to support free and democratic elections in OSCE member states. Iceland has provided election observers to presidential or parliamentary elections in Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova and the Ukraine, in total 16 observers, 8 women and 8 men. In addition to four employees of ICEIDA taking part in election observation in Malawi. Great measures are taken to ensure equal representation of both men and women in the employment of observers.