Export Control

Export Control

Control of goods and services of strategic significance


Responsible Authority

The Ministry for Foreign Affairs is responsible for export control in Iceland. It sets policy and issues export licenses (www.mfa.is - external@mfa.is  - tel +354 545 9000 - fax +354 562 2373)

Main Elements

Iceland is part of the European Economic Area (EEA) and therefore part of the EU Internal Market. It has adopted the EU export control legislation, including  the European Code of Conduct on Arms Exports (2008/944/CFSP). Certain stipulations on arms transfers are part of the EEA (see Directive 2009/43 below).

Control Lists

  • Defence-Related Products: See Regulation 800/2011 & EU Directive 2009/43 below
  • Dual-Use Items: See Regulation 800/2011 & EU Regulation 428/2009 below

Enforcement

Customs and police authorities enforce export control legislation in co-operation with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. The Ministry controls exports before they take place through licensing, customs authorities screen customs declarations, police investigate breaches of export legislation, prosecutors prosecute cases before the regular courts.

Laws and Regulations

This regulation implements:

-  DIRECTIVE 2009/43/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 6  May 2009 simplifying terms and conditions of transfers of defence-related products within the Community

-  COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP of 8 December 2008 defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment

-  COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 428/2009 of 5  May 2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items

See also:

Forms
 
Non-Proliferation Policy
 
Iceland supports international efforts in the area of non-proliferation through international co-operation (see below) and implementation of all international obligations in this area. As a member of the United Nations, Iceland implements all Security Council (UNSC) resolutions on arms embargos and non-proliferation. It sponsors and supports non-proliferation initiatives at the UN, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (Preparatory Commission - CTBTO) and other international fora. Iceland aligns itself with EU positions on non-proliferation on the basis of the EEA Agreement of 1992.
 
International Cooperation 
 

Iceland participates in export control regimes, including the Australia Group, the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and the Missile Control Technology Regime (MTCR). Iceland has applied for participation in the Wassenaar Arrangement and already implements its rules and guidelines. Iceland is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is a member of, participates in or supports export control related organisations and cooperation including the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), the Hague Code of Conduct against Missile Proliferation (HCOC), the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) and the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI).

Selected WMD Conventions to which Iceland is a Party
 
  • Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1996), entered into force for Iceland 26.6.2000
  • Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (1993), entered into force 29.4.1997
  • Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological Biological and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (1972), entered into force 26.3.1975
  • Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof (1971), entered into force 30.5.1972
  • Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1968), entered into force 5.3.1970
  • Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (1963), entered into force 29.4.1964

Selected Nuclear Related Conventions to which Iceland is a Party

  • Additional protocol to the safeguards agreement (2003), entered into force for Iceland 12.9.2003
  • Joint convention on the safety of spent nuclear fuel management (1997), entered into force 27.4.2006
  • Convention on nuclear safety (1994), entered into force 2.9.2008
  • Convention on early notification of a nuclear accident (1986), entered into force 28.10.1989
  • Convention on assistance in the case of a nuclear accident of radiological emergency (1986), entered into force 26.2.2006
  • Convention on the physical protection of nuclear material (1980), entered into force 18.7.2002
  • Safeguards Agreement in connection with the NPT (1972), entered into force 16.10.1974
  • Protocol to the Safeguards Agreement in connection with the NPT (1972), entered into force 6.10.1974
  • Statute of the IAEA (1956), entered into force 6.8.1957
See also:
 

ISSUES

ORGANISATIONS

CTBTO | EU | IAEA | NATO | OPCW | UN | UNSC | OSCE

CONVENTIONS

ATT | APLC | BWC | CCM | CCWC | CFE | CTBT | CWC | FMCT | NPT | OS

COOPERATION

Australia Group (AG) | FATF | G-8 | GICNT | GTRI | HCOC | MTCR | NSG | PSIWassenaar (WA) | Zangger (ZC)

Links
 
Australia Group (AG)   |   FATF   |   GICNT   |   GTRI   |   HCOC   |   MTCR   |   NSG   |   PSI   |   Wassenaar (WA)   |   Zangger (ZC)

 Updated: 11/13   |     Send comments here     |     Abbreviations