In February 2009 Thorvald Stoltenberg, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Defence of Norway presented a report on Nordic foreign and security policy cooperation, as tasked by the Nordic foreign Ministers in June 2008. The report looks towards the next 10-15 years, making recommendations regarding a closer co-operation between the five Nordic countries, including on peacebuilding, air-policing and maritime monitoring, security in the High North, cyber-security, cooperation between foreign services and defence. Since its publication, the Stoltenberg-Report has formed the foundation for extended Nordic cooperation in the field of Nordic foreign and security cooperation and its proposals been discussed in Ministerial meetings and developed further. On the 5th of April 2011 the Nordic Foreign Ministers signed a Nordic declaration on solidarity, emphasising that it is natural for the Nordic countries to cooperate in a spirit of solidarity to meet challenges in the foreign and security policy area. This is particularly relevant in the face of potential risks, including natural and man-made disasters, cyber attacks and terrorist attacks.
Iceland participates in the Nordic defence cooperation (NORDEFCO).